The Pharos Lighthouse
It was a monument, a tourist attraction, a brilliant business venture and a wonder of the ancient world. In many languages “Pharos” is still the word for lighthouse. The tiny island of Pharos was chosen by Ptolemy Soter around 290 BC to construct the great tower that would guide ships safely into the harbor of Alexandria (his capitol).It took twenty years to build and was the tallest building in its day.
A surviving coin showing the Pharos.
The Great Pyramid
The oldest Wonder and the only one still standing is the Great Pyramid of Khufu, built in 2560 B.C. presumably to serve as a tomb for the Pharaoh. This Wonder is often thought of as a sandy golden color, but for the first 3,000 years of its existence it was white.
Hanging Garden of Babylon
The name of the Gardens is actually incorrect. The name comes from a mistranslation of the Greek word kremastos or the Latin word pensilis, which does not mean "hanging", but "overhanging", as in the case of a terrace or balcony. This means the gardens were literally spilling over the walls. Of all the Ancient Wonders, the Gardens of Babylon remain the most mysterious. In fact, it's the only Wonder that's very existence has been called into question
The Temple of Artemis
Known to historians as the Artemisian, this giant Greek temple was a wonder in it’s time not, just because of it’s size but because of its beautiful decoration and statuary. Other temples were built hoping to emulate it’s beauty but none ever really achieved the same notoriety as the Artemisian. This quote was written by Antipater of Sidon, “But when I saw the sacred house of Artemis that towers to the clouds, the [other Wonders] were placed in the shade, for the Sun himself has never looked upon its equal outside Olympus.”
A surviving coin showing the temple and a part of a pillar.
The Tomb of King Maussolus
The wonder of King Maussolus tomb was not so much in it’s size but in it’s hundreds of beautiful sculptures. Conceived of and possibly even started during his lifetime by his wife/sister Artemesia it was completed in BC 350, three years after his death.
King Maussolus name became the root for the word mausoleum still in use today.
The friezes on the side of the tomb were painted as shown in this illustration
Here we show a timeline and map that illustrate how the different wonders were separated by not only distance but time as well.